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Types of Program

There are four main types of dual language program, which mainly differ in the population:

1.Developmental, or maintenance, bilingual programs. These enroll primarily students who are native speakers of the partner language.

2.Two-way (bilingual) immersion programs. These enroll a balance of native English speakers and native speakers of the partner language.

3.Foreign language immersion, language immersion or one-way immersion. These enroll primarily native English speakers.

4.Heritage language programs. These mainly enroll students who are dominant in English but whose parents, grandparents, or other ancestors spoke the partner language.

Programs are NOT dual language if they

Some other types of education that use a partner language for instruction include

Source: National Dual Language Consortium

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